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# scipy.ndimage.extrema¶

scipy.ndimage.extrema(input, labels=None, index=None)[source]

Calculate the minimums and maximums of the values of an array at labels, along with their positions.

Parameters: input : ndarray Nd-image data to process. labels : ndarray, optional Labels of features in input. If not None, must be same shape as input. index : int or sequence of ints, optional Labels to include in output. If None (default), all values where non-zero labels are used. minimums, maximums : int or ndarray Values of minimums and maximums in each feature. min_positions, max_positions : tuple or list of tuples Each tuple gives the n-D coordinates of the corresponding minimum or maximum.

Examples

>>> a = np.array([[1, 2, 0, 0],
...               [5, 3, 0, 4],
...               [0, 0, 0, 7],
...               [9, 3, 0, 0]])
>>> from scipy import ndimage
>>> ndimage.extrema(a)
(0, 9, (0, 2), (3, 0))


Features to process can be specified using labels and index:

>>> lbl, nlbl = ndimage.label(a)
>>> ndimage.extrema(a, lbl, index=np.arange(1, nlbl+1))
(array([1, 4, 3]),
array([5, 7, 9]),
[(0, 0), (1, 3), (3, 1)],
[(1, 0), (2, 3), (3, 0)])


If no index is given, non-zero labels are processed:

>>> ndimage.extrema(a, lbl)
(1, 9, (0, 0), (3, 0))