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# numpy.random.gamma¶

numpy.random.gamma(shape, scale=1.0, size=None)

Draw samples from a Gamma distribution.

Samples are drawn from a Gamma distribution with specified parameters, shape (sometimes designated “k”) and scale (sometimes designated “theta”), where both parameters are > 0.

Parameters: shape : float or array_like of floats The shape of the gamma distribution. Should be greater than zero. scale : float or array_like of floats, optional The scale of the gamma distribution. Should be greater than zero. Default is equal to 1. size : int or tuple of ints, optional Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g., (m, n, k), then m * n * k samples are drawn. If size is None (default), a single value is returned if shape and scale are both scalars. Otherwise, np.broadcast(shape, scale).size samples are drawn. out : ndarray or scalar Drawn samples from the parameterized gamma distribution.

scipy.stats.gamma
probability density function, distribution or cumulative density function, etc.

Notes

The probability density for the Gamma distribution is

p(x) = x^{k-1}\frac{e^{-x/\theta}}{\theta^k\Gamma(k)},

where k is the shape and \theta the scale, and \Gamma is the Gamma function.

The Gamma distribution is often used to model the times to failure of electronic components, and arises naturally in processes for which the waiting times between Poisson distributed events are relevant.

References

 [R221] Weisstein, Eric W. “Gamma Distribution.” From MathWorld–A Wolfram Web Resource. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/GammaDistribution.html
 [R222] Wikipedia, “Gamma distribution”, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma_distribution

Examples

Draw samples from the distribution:

>>> shape, scale = 2., 2. # mean=4, std=2*sqrt(2)
>>> s = np.random.gamma(shape, scale, 1000)


Display the histogram of the samples, along with the probability density function:

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> import scipy.special as sps
>>> count, bins, ignored = plt.hist(s, 50, normed=True)
>>> y = bins**(shape-1)*(np.exp(-bins/scale) /
...                      (sps.gamma(shape)*scale**shape))
>>> plt.plot(bins, y, linewidth=2, color='r')
>>> plt.show()